Latest Posts

in Lantugi by apocarthinic, 12-13-13 07:32
in Lantugi by apopis, 09-29-13 02:49
in Lantugi by wizanne86, 09-28-13 22:05
in Kalandrakas by Bilibiliboy, 03-13-13 06:22
in Kalandrakas by Bilibiliboy, 02-19-13 07:42
in Tagik by Bilibiliboy, 01-17-13 07:34
in Tagik by cake143, 01-14-13 16:40
in Tagik by Bilibiliboy, 01-14-13 01:06

Shout Box

Latest Message: 16 minutes ago
  • dam-og : mamista tag tagbilaran cake
  • cake143 : Magbahag ta ron dam-og kay dili na tingpugong hehe
  • dam-og : happy easter tanan. adto ta kapilya kay pista
  • cake143 : maghinulsol na pod ang mga maru
  • dam-og : salamat cake. haya haja man maro gud tah
  • cake143 : Paghimsug kanunay ug hinaut magpabilin kanunay ang imong pagka-maru
  • cake143 : Maajong adlawng natawhan nimo, Dam-og!!!
  • dam-og : Maajong adlaw tanan
  • cake143 : Ug dili mapugngan magbahag ka Brad...Migo hehe
  • dam-og : pugong mga brade
  • cake143 : Maghinulsol ta Brad.
  • dam-og : hapit na pod ting puasa cake
  • cake143 : Nabija na pod! Unsa kahay gipilahan? Mo-linya bay maru hehe
  • dam-og : taas nag pila cake way reservation
  • cake143 : Hinilisan nga dakog hiwa damog... Perti!
  • dam-og : hurot nag hinilisan cake
  • cake143 : Piskay na damug
  • cake143 : dimdim ang maruh...
  • dam-og : dimdim pod gamay cake pahilis sa hinilisan
  • cake143 : impas na pod ang wine damog... piskay na.
  • dam-og : way kabaw pod cake ag hinilisan ra maoy lami
  • cake143 : Health conscious na mga tawo karon damog.. dili na mangaon ug kabaw kay malunghat kuno.. Wala na pod ko mo request ug bringhouse
  • dam-og : bringhaus ray aho cAKE. cgurado na pod ag adobong kabal moabot na pod diha sa imong dapit cake.
  • cake143 : Ang namituon sabal kabal damog.. pastilan lipat na pod ko.. Uli ka damog?
  • dam-og : hapit na pod pista cake
  • cake143 : Happy New Year Damog ug sa tanang Cortesanon!
  • cake143 : Basta naay limbajon dili malimbajan heheh
  • dam-og : malipayong bag ong tuig sa tanan
  • dam-og : dili malimbajan ang atong payag cake basta naa si dam og panagsa kay usahay mokayod pamugas ug panggatas. hehe. happy new year tanan labi na diha kanimo cake.
  • cake143 : Maajong pasko diha damog bisan gilimbajan na ning atong payag.
  • dam-og : Malipayong pasko sa tanan ug dha kanimo cake ug sa pamilya
  • cake143 : Aw basta mga maru...
  • dam-og : pasko na jud. pwede na bahinon ag dinaygonan para ipalit ug bag o isuot sa pasko!
  • dam-og : ikabonot diay na ug sino nga lubi cake. hehehe
  • dam-og : maajo na cake aron mamanghuran na pod.
  • cake143 : Tugnaw kaajo damog diri kay winter... Tugnaw sige ta kahuna2x ug maot hehe
  • cake143 : Manaygon lang ta ani Damog aron naay palit bahal...
  • dam-og : hapit na pasko cake! say maajohon diha?
  • cake143 : piskay buhata
  • cake143 : diji mahapit damog hehe
  • dam-og : suway lagi ta cake. dijo ko hennanti adto kalkiha
  • cake143 : damog, hennan birada ha? Relax kaayo ang maru.
  • dam-og : hingminus ag pagkamaru cake kay naa nay manununod buaw
  • cake143 : Aw hajahaya man, maru gud ta hehee
  • dam-og : diay biko aho giluto cake nga maguwang gamay sa nilugaw
  • cake143 : Wala bay dugmak diha damog?
  • cake143 : Mao lagi Damog. Ang namituon nga sabaw kabaw ug ang hagtik kaayo nga bahalina...Pastilan galaway ra intawon ko.
  • dam-og : mamista na ta cake sa imong baluarte. ag iwon ug bahalina match kaajo
  • cake143 : Jean Gaas man seguro to damog? hehehe
  • dam-og : di ba to jhen bahong gas cake?
  • cake143 : Damog, unsa gani pangalan adtong bahong gas sa panakutan?
  • dam-og : atong tandaon ag panakutan cake
  • cake143 : Bali-uhong Damog hehe
  • dam-og : maajong adlaw tanan. nabusy gamay sa pamugas
  • cake143 : Libgos nga gasinug-ang ... pastilan
  • cake143 : Naa bay uhong diha damog? Lami ang sukow tanda-tandaon hhe
  • dam-og : payt balaw!
  • cake143 : walay kaloya!!!
  • dam-og : kumbateh gihapon
  • cake143 : Lahi ra sa una damog nga gamay tandog mangisog dayon.. manguryente hehe
  • dam-og : tigkaluja na panagsa ag tohod cake. wa nay lahutay
  • cake143 : banggi-tang maru nga damog, musta? OK japon..Kumbatehh. Walay kaloya brad
  • dam-og : kumusta man cake?
  • dam-og : maajong adlaw sa tanan.
  • cake143 : «link»
  • cake143 : Chrome ubuntu link: «link»
  • dam-og : present!
  • spybird : Ok nong
  • cake143 : kana rang 2 ka link
  • cake143 : '«link»
  • cake143 : «link»
  • cake143 : then this link:
  • cake143 : «link»
  • cake143 : Earl, follow these links
  • dam-og : kanang naa sa pugaran boss bokongmon na. hehe
  • dam-og : taemon daghan didto sa dagohong cake. hehehe
  • apocarthinic : Tuay pokemon sa pugaran ni Nong Islaw
  • cake143 : Butangehh! Naay daghang pokemon sa Dagohong, Damog!
  • dam-og : bahog tae didto apo
  • apocarthinic : ajung buntag pilipinas. mangaligo tag dagohong
  • dam-og : boss, apo adto tag mayacabac ron
  • dam-og : maajo na kaha ning pokemon itinawo cake!
  • apocarthinic : Nanimaho nang sinugba Boss. Tanah, attack
  • cake143 : Viva Sr. San Roque!!!
  • cake143 : Pahinungod sa yuta sa mga grasyang dawat bisan maru2x hehe
  • dam-og : haha. gakos sa gimelina cake samtang ag mga iro gapatungod
  • cake143 : pero ang maru dili malipong... mura ra ug iring nabukgan nga bawod2x ang liog
  • cake143 : Mananitahan kay birthday ug ang hagtik nga kinutil. Lami kaayo ikatulog inig human.
  • dam-og : ready na ag manok cake para ihawon para ibadlis sa buna
  • dam-og : manuktok ta cake kay palit ug tuba kay atong kutilon kay naay gabirthday karong adlawa!
  • cake143 : Buhii na damog! Ok ra ang manuktok kay mamukaw palit bahal.. ayaw lang ng tokhang para sa mga adis-adis...
  • dam-og : dili mada ag pagkamaro cake kay mas maro c du30
  • cake143 : hajahaya man, maru gud ka damog!
  • dam-og : aw ug naay manoktok unja mohangjo ug bogno cake arespetaran pod gamay aron di mahiubos
  • cake143 : Damog, walay tokhang diha?
  • dam-og : aw ug naay listahan sa mga maru c dam og ang number 1.
  • cake143 : Kung naay listahan sa mga maru ... way lain poa.
  • cake143 : General Damog... maayo galing wala ma-apil sa lista hehehe
  • dam-og : mosajo na ta ug mangharana cake kay naay curfew
  • cake143 : Kumusta ang maru? Duterte na ra ba hehe.. Dili na tantong maru.

Only registered users are allowed to post

Login

WebThis site
Retablo Mayor PDF Print E-mail
Written by apocarthinic   
Monday, 17 August 2009 01:51
ONE main proof that the Santo Nino Church in Cortes is not as young as its dated walls would tell is its unmistakable baroque altar.

Although its wall etchings bare dates in the late 18th century, a brief peek at the insides of the church would reveal an altar that is an anomaly when placed inside a late 18th century coral stone building, if the date etchings were really correct.

For when one considers the massive retablo mayor (main altar) of the Cortes Church, what immediately would come to mind is a Jesuit art, which would not come inside that church later than 1768 or the time when the Jesuits were recalled and the Augustinian Recollects took over.

At a quick glance, art critics would consider two things upon seeing that old baroque altar in Cortes.

First, that altar came from an older church and was given as a gift to a daughter parish sometime in the late 17th century.

By reckoning, the altar could come from Maribojoc, a 17th century “mother parish” as what the Augustinian Recollects would want Cortesanons to believe.

Maribojoc altar, a classic example of a gothic art in Bohol is a very unique one. Its two side altars in fact, perfectly match the gothic retablo mayor.  Even its wing altars are a match.

Or it could come from the “mother parish” of Baclayon or Loboc, where pueblo de Cortes separated.

If it had, those churches would without doubt put up not just one altar to match with the altar now in Cortes. Chances are if this was true, there still could be similar altars like ours in any of these mentioned “daughter” or mother parishes. The fact is, there is none.

Baclayon’s distinct altar is a baroque rococo. Its side altars are classic Spanish baroque and without doubt, of Augustinian Recollect provenance.

Loboc’s main altar is neo-classical. Its side altars are baroque. And so are its wing altars.

Two, that the altar was inherently carved for Cortes, for that old church named Malabago de Paminguitan, which is present day church but with the dates being “tampered” or being later affixed by the later missionaries.

Personally, I would rather believe on the second theory.

Why? Because this altar is a solo one, not one like it in any older churches in Bohol. Meaning it was solely made for a purpose, maybe for Cortes Church.

The retablo mayor or the main altar is a classic Jesuit influenced Spanish baroque art.

The altar’s major elements are the double solomonic columns, the classic baroque flanges, the simplistic neo-classical crown with the usual eye or dove and the profuse use of acanthus leaves, the major decorative element of the Corinthian columns.

But first, let’s settle the question. What is baroque?

Baroque is a movement that was later translated into art forms. It proliferated in Europe after artists there were later deeply affected by the discoveries of Galileo Galelei.

The Italian scientist and astronomer, in support of the Copernican Revolution proved that the long held belief that the earth was the center of the universe was wrong.

Galelei’s astronomic discoveries had very deep implications in the church.

A shift from the geocentric (world as center) belief would necessarily affect the belief that man is also the center of the world, which was what the church preached then.

The drastic movement from the old belief to the newer “scientific belief” troubled a whole lot of people and the artists eventually started to depict an art, which portrays movements.

These styles of the irregular, the elaborate and the swaying from the usual balance took the center focus.

This too became the basis for a movement, a revolution in ideas, which seeped into the highly conservative church.

In time between the early 16th to late 18th century, the Church, which at the beginning persecuted Galelei has to accept after the Council of Trent promoted the use of the baroque arts as an expression of religious themes in direct and emotional involvement.

Baroque, roughly from the Spanish and Portuguese “perola barroca” or uneven pearl, display an “eccentric redundancy” and “noisy abundance of details.”

In Cortes altar, these major baroque elements are portrayed by the double solomonic columns.

Solomonic columns are characteristic of the columns put up at the temples of Solomon.  The spiral design, which portrays the movement, is depicted in the helical or twisted shaft, which conveys the baroque movement. It also projects the profuse use of it in the Cortes altar. And if it were not intended to be seen, the altar builders would, I say, not mess with putting up 8 of these helical columns, right?

In fact, the altar sport 12 of these columns. This would include four semi-solomonic columns are prominently displayed on the top niche.

Now, these columns, in the tradition of the Corinthian capitals are also topped with simple approximation of acanthus leaves ornament.

Then, consider the elaborately decorated outward flanges that show the unmistakable movement of moving out from the center niche, a movement so incorporated to form a huge mass.

These outward flanges, often called the wings of the altar clearly manifest here. Flanges that are hand carved from five-inch thick molave boards, we should note.

Then, there are two hand-carved torches with flaming motifs decorating the pediments of the second tier of the altar. These torches also show another Spanish baroque element, the light, which was later translated in paintings by the skillful play of lights. This later became popularly known as the chiaroscuro.

At the altar niche pediments, there is that organic cherub design seen at the foot of each statue in the niche. When seen from below, the design hides among the panels, a delightful “peek-a boo” one could say.

It is just too bad that not many Cortesanons realize the value of their altar in their midst.

Then a central element in the Cortesanon Christian life, the altar has become an inspiration in the local life that many would simply dream of bringing the same altar home, impossible it may be.

Until the trend of the Urna, the miniature altars that we usually have at a prominent place at home now will the Cortesanons realize the role of that retablo mayor in the lives of our forefathers.

Why would I say that?

Altars like that in the past were monumental structures. And they were often kept in very dark inner sanctum of the church or the home.

In Cortes church for example, you could easily pick the details of the original window of the church, especially the part where you will see the altar now. The new windows we have now are almost twice as tall as the original windows.

There are also practical reasons why they have to do that. The piratical raids that hit the Spanish occupied towns then discourage the pirates from climbing on the windows and loot the church.

Then, there is the belief that masses would be celebrated in catacombs. These are underground cemeteries, all to hide from the traditional persecution of the Christians.

Imagine those small windows all blotted out by stained glasses?

The altar now becomes a dark spot.

It would rather be impossible to imagine why the friars go the length of carving the altars elaborately when it can only be admired up close.

And the Pre-council of Trent times do not allow laymen from entering the holy of holies. (that again is precisely the reason why that metalwork of a railing would mark the confines of the no-mans-land and the place for the lay)

SO the altar becomes invisible from afar Even perhaps by lighting it with a camp fire of candles, it remains to be partly too far from the beautiful carvings we see now.

To solve the problem, the Spanish builders used a technology called gilting.

Putting up precious elements in the altar to make it glow in the dark is how they did it. And gold or silver to gilt or coat the altar does the trick.

And that is why we hypothesize that beneath the dark brown and modern golden mast of paint of the Cortes retablo mayor could be gold gilt or silver plates.

I am putting my two cents worth on it.

And I swear by that altar.



Want to check it out? Want to bet?

Last Updated on Friday, 09 April 2010 10:49